APPENDIX A

REFERENCES
 

Augustinsson, K.B. "A Titrometric Method for the Determination of Plasma and Red Blood Cell Cholinesterase Activity Using Thiocholine Esters as Substrates," Scan. J. Clin. and Lab. Investigation 7 (1955), pp. 284-290.

Black, R.M. and R.W. Read. "Detection of Trace Levels of Thiodiglycol in Blood, Plasma, and Urine Using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry-Electron-Capture Negative Ion Chemical Ionization," J. Chromatog. 449 (1988), pp. 261-270.

Bossle, P.C., J.J. Martin, E.W. Sarver, and H.Z. Sommer. "High Performance Liquid Chromatography Analysis of Alkyl Methylphosphonic Acids by Derivatization," J. Chromato. 267, (1983), p. 209.

Davison, C.D., R.S. Roman, and P.K Smith. "Metabolism of Bis-b-Chloroethyl Sulphide (Sulphur Mustard Gas)," Biochem. Pharmacol. 7 (1961), pp. 65-74.

Ellman, G.L., K.D. Courtney, J. Andres, Jr., and R.M. Featherstone. "A New and Rapid Colorimetric Determination of Acetylcholinesterase Activity," Biochem. Pharmacol. 7 (1961), pp. 88-95.

Feldstein, M. and N.C. Klendshoj. "The Determination of Cyanide in Biological Fluids by Microdiffusion Analysis," J. Lab. and Clin. Med. 44 (1954), pp. 166-170.

Gillis, R.G. and J.L. Occolowitz. In Analytical Chemistry of Phosphorous Compounds, ed. by M. Halmann, Wiley, New York, (1972), p. 313.

Grob, D. and A.M. Harvey. "The Effects and Treatment of Nerve Gas Poisoning," Amer. J. Med. 14 (1953), pp. 52-63.

Groff, W.A., Sr., F.W. Stemler, A. Kaminskis, H.R. Froehlich, and R.P. Johnson. "Plasma Free Cyanide and Blood Total Cyanide: A Rapid Completely Automated Microdistillation Assay," Clin. Toxicol. 23 (1985), pp. 133-163.

Hanker, J.S., A. Gelberg, and B. Witten. "Fluorometric and Colorimetric Estimation of Cyanide and Sulfide by Dimasking Reactions of Palladium Chelates," Anal. Chem. 30 (1958), pp. 93-95.

Harris, L.W., L.M. Braswell, J.P. Fleisher, and W.J. Cliff. "Metabolites of Pinacolyl Methylphosphonofluoridate (Soman) after Enzymatic Hydrolysis in Vitro," Biochem. Pharmacol. 13, (1964), p. 1129.

Jakubowski, E.M., C.L. Woodard, N.M. Mershon, and T.W. Dolzine. "Quantitation of Thiodiglycol in Urine by Electron Ionization Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry," J. Chromatog. 528 (1990), pp. 184-190.

Kiese, M. and N. Weger. "Formation of Ferri-hemoglobin With Aminophenols in the Human for the Treatment of Cyanide Poisoning," Eur. J. Pharmacol. 7 (1969), pp. 97-105.

Lenz, D.E., J. Boisseau, D.M. Maxwell, and E. Heir. "Pharmacokinetics of Soman and its Metabolites in Rats," Proceedings of the 6th Medical Chemical Defense Bioscience Review, (1987), p. 201. AD B121516.

Lundquist, P., H. Rosling, and B. Sorbo. "Determination of Cyanide in Whole Blood, Erythrocytes, and Plasma," Clin. Chem. 31 (1985), pp. 591-595.

Occolowitz, J.L. and G.L. White. "The Mass Spectrometry of Esters of Phosphorous and Phosphonic Acids," Anal. Chem. 35, (1963), p. 1179.

Reid, E.E., ed. Organic Chemistry of Bivalent Sulphur, Vol II, Chemical Publishing Co., N.Y. (1960).

Reynolds, M.L., P.J. Little, B.F. Thomas, R.B. Bagley, and B.R. Martin. "Relationship Between the Biodisposition of [3H] Soman and its Pharmacological Effects in Mice," Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 80, (1985), p. 409.

Roberts, J.J. and G.P. Warwick. "Studies of the Mode of Action of Alkylating Agents--VI. The Metabolism of Bis-2-Chloroethyl Sulphide (Mustard Gas) and Related Compounds," Biochem. Pharmacol. 12 (1963), pp. 1329-1334.

Schiff, L.J., S.G. Pleva, and E.W. Sarver. In Ion Chromatographic Analysis of Environmental Pollutants, Vol. 2, ed. by J. D. Mulik and E. Sawicki, Ann Arbor Science Publishing, Ann Arbor (1972), p. 329.

Shih, M.L., J.D. McMonagle, T.W. Dolzine, and V.C. Gresham. "Metabolite Pharmacokinetics of Soman, Sarin, and GF in Rats and Biological Monitoring of Exposure to Toxic Organophosphorus Agents," J. Appl. Tox. 14, (1994), p. 195.

Shih, M.L., J.R. Smith, J.D. McMonagle, T.W. Dolzine, and V.C. Gresham. "Detection of Metabolites of Toxic Alkylmethylphosphonates in Biological Samples," Biol. Mass. Spec. 20, (1991), p. 717.

Sidell, F.R. and A. Kaminskis. "Temporal Intrapersonal Physiological Variability of Cholinesterase in Human Plasma and Erythrocytes," Clin. Chem. 21 (1975), pp. 1961-1963.

Tornes, J.A. and B.A. Johnsen. "Gas Chromatographic Determination of Methylphosphonic Acids by Methylation with Trimethylphenylammonium Hydroxide," J. Chromato. 467, (1989), p. 129.

Verweij, A., C.E.A.M. Degenhardt, and H.L. Boter. "The Occurrence and Determination of PCH3-containing Compounds in Surface Water," Chemosphere 8, (1979), p. 115.

Wils, E.R.J. and A.G. Hulst. "Determination of Organophosphorus Acids by Thermospray Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry," J. Chromato. 454, (1988), p. 261.

 


Chapter 5  |  Glossary
 
 
 
 
 

Questions or comments? Send mail to: MRICD Public Affairs Officer or MRICD Web Administrator.
Security & Privacy Notice
Featured Story
The U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Chemical Defense (USAMRICD) is the DoD lead laboratory for medical chemical defense research.
[More...]